Drug Addiction Treatment

Addiction treatment is a complex challenge that requires a multifaceted approach. Interventions examined include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), motivational therapy, family therapy, and substitution medications.

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    Drug Addiction Treatment and Recovery

    Substance abuse is a global public health problem that affects millions of people each year. Despite advances in the understanding and treating this disease, it remains a significant challenge for individuals, families and communities.

    Living healthy with a clear mind is essential for our happiness. Substances that initially provide entertainment or quick escape can rob us of this ability.

    If this is true for you or your loved one, you are not alone. Millions of people struggle to escape the grip of drug addiction. Additionally, there have been significant developments in drug treatment in recent years. Injection or implant treatments, as well as psychotherapy, have become practical tools for overcoming addiction.

    Drug addiction treatment includes different applications, such as individual and group psychotherapy sessions, psychological diagnostic tests, drug tests, outpatient rehabilitation or detoxification programs.

    Tips and warning signs

    Drug addiction is not a personality defect. It's a health problem. It affects your brain and your behaviour. Therefore, you cannot control the use of the medicine. Substances accepted by society also fall into this category, like alcohol, tobacco or marijuana.

    If someone you care about has an addiction, you should consider encouraging them to get help.

    Additionally, you may suspect drug abuse in your family or loved ones. In this case, it is helpful to consider the following signs:

    • Problems at work or school include frequent absences, sudden disinterest in work or school, and a decline in grades or performance at work.

    • Physical health problems: Lack of energy and motivation. Weight gain or red eyes.

    • Neglecting appearance: Neglecting personal care. Indifference to clothing.

    • Behavioural changes: Major changes in behaviour in family and friendship relationships. Signs of overprotection of private space.

    • Financial problems: Applying for a loan out of the blue, sometimes without a good reason. Money or valuables start disappearing from your home.

    Symptoms of Drug Addiction

    Symptoms of drug addiction include:

    • The need to use the medicine regularly. Every day, even several times a day.

    • The need to use drugs blocks all other thoughts.

    • Develop tolerance to the drug over time. Consume more doses to feel the same effect.

    • I was using a medication for more extended periods and at higher doses than intended.

    • Keep a certain amount of medication at all times.

    • Spending money on drugs, even when there is no money.

    • It is not fulfilling one's responsibilities. Reduce social activities to use drugs.

    • Continue to use drugs, knowing the psychological and physical damage.

    • Do things you wouldn't normally do to get the medicine like theft.

    • I am driving or doing other risky activities while under the influence of drugs.

    • Spend a lot of time obtaining, using and retrieving medication.

    • Failure to stop taking medications.

    • I am experiencing withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit.

    When you detect any of these symptoms in yourself, you need to understand that you are no longer in control of your drug use and need to seek help. The sooner you intervene, the more likely you are to improve in the long run.


    People struggling with addiction often don’t even admit that they are struggling. They may be reluctant to ask for help. Additionally, they do not view their addiction as a problem. In this case, the person's family and friends can organize an intervention by getting help from addiction treatment experts.

    Therefore, it is possible to motivate and encourage the patient who refuses treatment. The intervention must be planned carefully by family and friends and with the help of a professional. Or you can ask an intervention specialist to moderate the meeting. You can invite more than just family and friends to the procedure.

    Additionally, colleagues or people who care about the patient's substance abuse might also be helpful. During the procedure, speak directly to the person you love and care about. Explain the consequences of drug addiction, how it affects you. Then ask him to agree to treatment.

    Addiction treatment

    As with any chronic illness, there is no cure for drug addiction. Additionally, mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety often accompany substance abuse.

    But with various treatment methods, you can overcome addiction and lead a clean and healthy life. The type of treatment depends on the medication the patient is abusing and the associated health or mental disorders. Long-term continuation of therapy is essential to prevent relapses.

    The goal is to plan the safest and most comfortable treatment program for you:

    • The internal medicine specialist and neurologist perform a complete physical and medical evaluation.

    • The psychiatrist and psychologist carry out a comprehensive assessment of psychological needs and risks.

    • Doctors monitor a patient's substance use with urine, blood, or breath tests.
    • Then, doctors plan the patient's treatment.


    Detoxification is also called “detoxification” or withdrawal therapy. The goal is to stop drug use safely and quickly. In some cases, it may be prudent to seek outpatient withdrawal treatment. Others may need hospitalization or a residential treatment center.

    Different medications – such as depressants, stimulants, or opioids – have different side effects during withdrawal. Thus, different approaches are necessary, depending on the type of medication. During detoxification, doctors can significantly reduce the dose of the medication taken. Or replace it with another medication such as methadone, buprenorphine, or a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone.

    Implant Treatment

    Until now, doctors gave medicines in the form of tablets, dragees or capsules to be taken orally in a single daily dose for drug treatment. However, studies have shown that medication and treatment adherence is very low in drug addiction treatment. Just like in chronic illnesses. Therefore, long-term medications are being developed for these types of diseases. Implants used in drug treatment are one of them.

    Your doctor places the implant under your skin, which lasts 2 to 2.5 months. The drug released by the implant blocks the receptors where the addictive drug normally resides. However, not all patients are eligible for these implants. Implants are suitable for patients who are motivated to be treated and can follow the process in harmony with the hospital team. The applications have yielded very positive results so far.

    Before the implant is inserted, the patient must be hospitalized for 7 to 10 days and the blood must be cleaned. Additionally, during the follow-up process, the psychiatrist determines whether the patient is suitable to use the implant. If the patient is eligible for treatment, the surgeon places the implant in the lower abdomen with minor surgery. Then, doctors keep the patient under observation for 24 hours against the risk of infection.

    Psychotherapy methods

    Drug addiction requires treatments tailored to the symptoms and underlying causes of the disease.

    There are several methods of psychotherapy for the treatment of frug addiction:

    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

    Doctors can use CBT to treat many types of substance abuse. People with CBT recognize their maladaptive behavior and learn to change it. With this therapy, you can learn coping skills, identify risky situations and take action, and prevent relapses.

    Additionally, CBT is useful because it can be applied in conjunction with other treatment methods. The skills you learn with CBT continue to benefit long after the initial treatment. It is also effective in treating mental or physical illnesses that occur with drug addiction. It replaces people's negative thinking habits with positive ones.

    Contingency Management (CM)

    CM is effective in encouraging or reinforcing sobriety. It is a form of psychotherapy that doctors use to treat many types of drug addictions, such as alcohol, opioids, marijuana, or stimulants.

    When the patient exhibits desired behaviors such as remaining sober, he or she is rewarded and materially motivated in this treatment. The most important advantage of CM is that it leads to the elimination of the two biggest problems associated with treatment. Discontinuation of treatment and relapse.

    Motivational interview (MI)

    In this method of psychotherapy, the goal is to eliminate the patient's indecision and adopt the treatment. The greatest advantage of MI is that the patient becomes motivated and creates his plans for change after the sessions. Thus, the patient feels that he has control over the treatment.

    Dialectal Behavior Therapy (DBT)

    DBT is useful for treating serious personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder. However, DBT is an adaptable method for many drug addiction treatment cases. It is effective in reducing the patient's urge and helping them avoid situations or opportunities that may cause a relapse. Additionally, DBT can allow you to stop actions that reinforce drug abuse.

    Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy (REBT)

    Helps you better understand your thoughts and develop better habits. This allows you to think more positively and rationally and acquire healthy emotions.

    The basic principle of REBT is that rational thinking comes from within the person and not from outside. It teaches you to look for the reason why you feel happy or unhappy.

    Our doctors can apply psychotherapy individually, in groups or as a family, depending on your needs. The success of the treatment mainly depends on the patient's commitment and dedication to the treatment. Additionally, the performance of the therapist and other treatment teams and the type of therapy applied are effective factors.

    Art and workshop therapy

    It is a method of psychotherapy that encourages creativity and expression. Especially for patients who have difficulty expressing themselves. You do not need to have any artistic skills or experience to participate. Art therapists will guide you in the use of materials and facilitate your creativity.

    The goal of therapy is not to create works of art, but to enable you to discover new ways of expressing your feelings and thoughts. Plus, coming to life with colors, dance, and music helps you stay motivated for change.

    Research shows that regular participation in art therapy increases self-confidence, social healing and reduced anxiety. Additionally, art therapy was determined to decrease symptoms such as reticence, distractibility, limited verbal expression, and inability to enjoy life in chronic psychiatric patients.


    The sooner you start drug treatment, the better the results will be. Don’t hesitate if you or a loved one want to be safe from drug addiction. Get rid of this scourge that consumes your mind and body every day. Answer your doctor's questions honestly, keeping your health in mind. Life is worth living without depression and anxiety.

    Guiding your treatment with expertise and cutting-edge technology, we provide you with a top notch patient experience from arrival to departure.
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    Istanbul Med Assist is a member of MeritGrup company.
    Istanbul Med Assist is a member of MeritGrup company.